1.1 Zulfiqar, Sehar. (2017). How economic recession effect the corporate philanthropy? Evidence from Pakistani corporate sector. Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce.   Read More

1.2 Makki, Abdul Majid & Lodhi, Suleman. (2008). Determinants of Corporate Philanthropy in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences.   Read More
1.3 CAF USA, (2019) This Charitable Giving in the USA   Read More

1.4 Michael A. Merz,John Peloza,Qimei Chen, (2010) Standardization or localization? Executing corporate philanthropy in international firms.
Read More

1.5 CECP, (2021) GIVING IN NUMBERS    Read More

1.6 Mahmood, A. and Bashir, J. (2020) ‘How does corporate social responsibility transform brand reputation into brand equity? Economic and noneconomic perspectives of CSR’, International Journal of Engineering Business Management. Read More

1.7 Abigail S. Hornstein,Minyuan Zhao, (2018) Reaching through the fog: Institutional environment and cross-border giving of corporate foundations.  Read More

1.8 Mohammad Sohail Yunis, Laila Durrani, Amad Khan. (2017) Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Pakistan: A Critique of the Literature and Future Research Agenda Vol. 9, No.1 pp. 65-88DOI: dx.  Read More

1.9 PHILANTHROPIC FOUNDATIONS CANADA (PFC) (2021) Consultations By The Government Of Canada On Boosting Charitable Spending In Our Communities Read More

1.10 Patti Chu and Olivia Yutong Wang, (2018). PHILANTHROPY IN CHINA AVPN Read More

1.11 CAF (2021). WORLD GIVING INDEX A global pandemic (special report) Read More

1.12 CAF (2018) Bigger impact through better business. CORPORATE GIVING BY THE FTSE 100 Read More

2.1 Kock, U., & Sun, Y. (2011). Remittances in Pakistan: Why They Have Gone Up and Why They Are Not Coming Down. The Pakistan Development Review, 50(3), 189–208. Read More

2.2 American Pakistan Foundation (APF) (2021) THE TIES THAT BIND: A Study of Pakistani American Connectivity & Giving to Pakistan 

2.3 Ayesha A. Qaisrani (2020): Reaching out, inviting in: Pakistan’s approach to 
diaspora engagement, Migration and Development.  Read More

2.4 Zaidi S.A. (2013) Influencing from Afar: Role of Pakistani Diaspora in Public Policy and Development in Pakistan. In: Yong T.T., Rahman M.M. (eds) Diaspora Engagement and Development in South Asia. International Political Economy Series. Palgrave Macmillan, London. Read More

2.5 Paula Doherty Johnson (2007) Diaspora Philanthropy: Influences, Initiatives, and Issues. The Philanthropic Initiative, Inc. and The Global Equity Initiative, Harvard University Read More

2.6 Saleem Ali,( 2013) Australia and Pakistan: A Neglected Relationship?University of Delaware (USA) and University of Queensland (Australia) Read More

2.7 Rashid Amjad (2017) The Pakistani Diaspora Corridors of Opportunity and Uncertainty Lahore, Pakistan: Lahore School of Economics     Read More

2.8 Yong, Tan & Rahman, Md Mizanur. (2013). Diaspora Engagement and Development in South Asia - Introduction. Read More

ALI ÇARKOĞLU KOÇ AND S. ERDEM AYTAÇ (2016) Individual Giving And Philanthropy In Turkey. Read More

Xin Wang, Zhe Zhang and Ming Jia. (2021) Community norms and corporate philanthropy: the moderating role of women on board of directors. International Journal of Manpower Volume: 1 Issue: 1, to Volume: 42 Issue: 8 Read More

HILARY MCCONNAUGHEY AND SOKOL SHTYLLA (2020 )Stepping Off the Sidelines: The Unrealized Potential of Strategic Ultra-High-Net-Worth Philanthropy Read More

6.1 Ouacha, Malika & Meijs, Lucas. (2021). Special Issue Cross-Border Philanthropy in the Islamic World from Europe to North Africa and the Middle East (MENA). Vol. 5 No. 2 Read More

6.2 Konrath, S., Siddiqui, S., & Pervez, S. (2021). Muslim Education Reform: Prioritizing Empathy and Philanthropic Acts. Journal of Education in Muslim Societies, 2(2), 31–56. Read More

7.1 Ahmed, Habib, (2004). Role of Zakah and Awqaf in Poverty Alleviation (Occasional Paper), The Islamic Research and Teaching Institute, Islamic development bank group, Islamic Research and training institute Read More

7.2 Shaikh, Salman. (2015). Welfare Potential of Zakat: An Attempt to Estimate Economy wide Zakat Collection in Pakistan. Pakistan development review. Read More

7.3 Imran Ashraf Toor and Abu Nasar (2003) Zakat As A Social Safety Net: Exploring The Impact   Read More

7.4 Muhammad Abdullah and Abdul Quddus Suhaib (2011) Impact of Zakat on Social Life of Muslim Society Read More

7.5 Faiz Mohammad (1990) Prospects of Poverty Eradication through the Existing system of Zakat in Pakistan Read More

8.1 Bornstein, E. (2009). The Impulse of Philanthropy. Cultural Anthropology, 24(4), 622–651. Read More

8.2 Fisher, W. F. (1997). Doing Good? The Politics and Antipolitics of NGO Practices. Annual Review of Anthropology, 26, 439–464.    Read More

8.3 Kevin R. McClure, Leah Frierson, Adam W. Hall, & Kara L. Ostlund. (2017). Philanthropic Giving by Foundations to Higher Education Institutions: A State-Level Social Network Analysis. Philanthropy & Education, 1(1), 1–28. Read More

8.4 Montmarquet, J. A. (1982). On Doing Good: The Right and the Wrong Way. The Journal of Philosophy, 79(8), 439–455. Read More

8.5 Noah D. Drezner. (2017). <em>Philanthropy & Education</em>: Setting the Mission and Vision for a New Journal within the Landscape of Our Field. Philanthropy & Education, 1(1), v–xii  Read More

8.6 Osella, F., & Ramaswamy, S. (2018). Charity and Philanthropy in South Asia: An introduction. Modern Asian Studies, 52(1), 4–34. Read More

8.7 Reckhow, S., & Snyder, J. W. (2014). The Expanding Role of Philanthropy in Education Politics. Educational Researcher, 43(4), 186–195. Read More 

European Union, (2019) Diaspora Youth For Inclusive Decision Making And Global Citizenship A Capacity-Building Activity For Young Leaders In Organisations Working With YOUTH 7th edition Mediterranean University on Youth and Global Citizenship  Read More 

10.1 Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society (2020) Doing Good Index 2020, Profiling Asia's Social Sectors: The Path Forward Read More
10.2 Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy (2021) Pakistan Giving Index 2021 Read More
10.3 Charities Aid Foundation (CAF) (2021) World Giving Index Read More 
10.4   Lilly Family School of Philanthropy (2022) Global Philanthropic Environment Index 2022 Read More